Queen’s University, International Student Centre
Conversation circles can be challenging. On the one hand, they can be interesting, fun and a wonderful learning experience. However, they can also easily turn into an unnatural, forced and boring conversation. Because there is no pre-set curriculum or a checklist of grammar structures in a conversation circle, some believe that it doesn’t require a lot of preparation. This isn’t true. Even the most experienced facilitators need to prepare a little. The main idea is to care about your group and to be prepared. This toolkit is developed forEnglish Conversation Circles(ECC) volunteer facilitators and offers ideas, resources, helpful tips, session plans and sample activities to make conversation circles a success.
Working with Adult Newcomers
The purpose of ECCs is to support newcomers as they practice and enrich their English language skills in a welcoming and comfortable environment. ECCs are important tools for newcomers to gain more confidence in general communication and to make informed decisions in job search and settlement in their new country. Hence, you will become very important in their lives. You will be faced with the stark reality of newcomers’ lives and the challenges they have to face day by day. Don’t forget that settlement is a very stressful and long process and because of cultural differences what seems perfectly natural to you may not be to the participants, and vice versa. This can lead to misunderstanding and it is important that you know how to address miscommunication in a sensitive and appropriate manner. Because you will be working with adults, some key principles of adult learning will help you shape your attitude, practice and behavior in working with the participants.
Here are some key principles<ref>See Shawn Conway, The E.S.L. Tutor’s Handbook (Toronto: Frontier College Press, 1996)
- Respecting the experience of adult learners is one of the cornerstones of adult education.
- Learning is an exchange between adults who trust and respect one another as equals.
- Learning must be relevant to the learner's life.
- Adults learn best when they are actively involved in choosing and organizing what they will learn.
- Adult learners respond to positive reinforcement and a physically and emotionally comfortable environment.
- Learning begins with attention to the learner’s strengths and successes rather than deficiencies and failures.
Session Planning and Preparation
First off, you need to decide what the participants should learn or practice in each session, in other words, you need to set a focus. Your focus can be one of the five skills development areas:confidence building, improvement of pronunciation and emphasis, vocabulary builders, life skills and gaining cross-cultural competency. Each area also includes several topics. After choosing a skill area you can start with deciding on what kinds of supporting activities will be appropriate for learning on the selected topic as well as for levels of the participants. When preparing for a speaking activity, you should:
- Discuss the purpose of the activity and introduce any new vocabulary
- Introduce and review relevant grammar points
- Discuss any peculiar cultural points relevant to the activity or what the activity is simulating.
The following skills development tables have been adopted from Queen’s University, International Student Centre’s web site resources.
how to start conversation with strangers
|Ask the participants if talking to strangers is common in their culture (when is it okay/what would you talk about?).|
|Simulate situations in which the participants would engage in small talk.|
|With the group, come up with a list of topics that would be considered "small talk."|
|Discuss how small talk is different from other forms of conversation.|
Speaking in Public
how to express opinions in class setting
how to explain an idea/a topic
how to find help if needed
|Choose a mildly controversial topic (but not something that would offend anyone) and have a mock discussion about it- e.g. violence on television.|
|Ask the participants to explain something to each other that is important to them or about which they have expertise (it can be a skill, tradition, a cuisine, anything).|
|Post a picture or series of pictures (from magazines, newspapers etc.) Divide participants into groups and send them to a designated wall to discuss the meaning behind the picture. After designating a certain amount of time, have participant groups report back to the group about the pictures.|
|Discuss with the group the different ways they can find help if they are lost or having trouble with their landlord.|
how to give a seminar presentation
how to explain something in different ways so that other people can understand
Ask participants to write scripts that would teach you a skill, have them read it out loud (word for word) as if they are presenting/teaching you.
|Divide participants into groups and ask each group to choose a topic which you must guess, but they can only describe it to you (e.g. topic: Things you do in the morning; Hints; "You get up….., ", "shave" etc.).|
|Choose a short story suitable for your group’s language level. However, delete/cut the ending of the story. Participants discuss how they think the story ends then present to the group.|
Thinking and Speaking Spontaneously
how to engage in a conversation in which justification is needed and arguments/ explanations must be convincing and quick
|"Government Priority Activity"- give the participants - or group of participants- cards with different roles of the government on them (e.g. health care, defence, education, welfare, etc.) and ask them to prioritize the roles as if they were the government. Then ask them to explain their reasons for the order of priorities.|
|Split the group into teams. Each participant must talk about a certain topic for one minute. If they can do this without hesitation, they win a point for their team. If they hesitate, another team can challenge and continue for the rest of the minute. If the challenging team finishes the minute, they get a point. The team with the most points wins.|
Improvement of Pronunciation and Emphasis Topic Sample Activities
Pauses & Meanings
speed and rhythm
how different pauses help create meanings
|Read an article in the group and ask the participants to identify the pauses.|
|Give the participants a series of sentences (without punctuations), ask them to read them aloud and explain what the sentences mean, then explore the different ways in which the sentence can be punctuated.|
|Give a list of "th" and "t" words: tin, thin, tank, thank, taught, thought. Demonstrate correct pronunciation by saying the list out loud for the participants. Practice in sentences containing both sounds. For example: The thin child thanked his grandmother for the tin toys.|
|From the alphabet, randomly sound out a consonant/ a vowel. Ask the group to guess which letter you are saying.|
Reading & Flow
Bring in a short article. Ask the participants to read the article out loud (you may choose to write down words that they have trouble with) and discuss and correct as needed.
|Bring in a short article. Ask the participants to read the article out loud (you may choose to write down words that they have trouble with) and discuss and correct as needed.|
"The Dictionary Game". One participant chooses a word from the dictionary and reads the word aloud to the rest of the group. He or she then writes the definition from the dictionary on a slip of paper while everyone else writes down what they think the definition may be. Then mix up all the definitions and have each player draw a slip and read out the definition. Players then try to guess the correct definition after hearing all the slips.
Come up with as many synonyms for adjectives as you can. Then ask the participants to consult a thesaurus to confirm that your list is correct and to expand your list.
how to incorporate idioms into daily conversations
using phrasal verbs correctly
|Write down idioms on slips of paper and ask the participants to draw one out. Ask them to illustrate or describe what the idiom says (i.e. as plain as day, to get along together). Then use it in a sentence and ask them to guess the meaning of the idiom.|
|Choose a common word (e.g. think) and together brainstorm phrasal verbs that are connected with your word (i.e. think about, think through, think up), and compare their meanings.Look at different uses of the word "get." Look at uses of word "up."|
Practicing descriptive abilities
|Make up a list of descriptive terms used in varying situations. Then ask the participants to describe and critique a recent experience (film, dinner, holiday etc.) using as mush descriptive language as possible.|
|Bring a picture or pictures from a magazine or a newspaper and ask the participants to describe what is happening and to discuss the people and places in the picture.|
When planning life skills topics, you should consider newcomers’ key survival themes such as health, transportation, housing, family, food and clothing, banking, jobs, house-hunting, telephone, education and citizenship and government issues. These themes relate to various situations such as taking phone messages, arranging appointments, dealing with emergencies, looking for a job, applying for a job, using transportation, dealing with merchants and looking after housing needs. The examples are endless. Hence, the following table includes only few selected samples.
Find a mock resume and discuss the different components of a typical Canadian resume with the group. How is it different from the resumes the participants are used to writing? What components are excluded and included?
|Introduce job searching tools to class such as Career Directory, list of online sources and a few job ads. Brainstorm where to find job ads and other alternative job searching techniques. Discuss job ads together (what are the skills required?).|
Discuss the purpose of a cover letter. Come up with questions that an employer may ask in an interview. Simulate the interview and discuss.
how to seek medical attention
|Ask the participants to describe the medical system in their home countries (i.e. how does one make an appointment to see the doctor? How much would it cost? Where would one get medication? ). How is this system different from the Canadian system?|
|Create a list of ailments (i.e. coughing, sneezing, sinus congestion, headache, dislocated ankle, etc.) and define these symptoms. This will equip the participants with a vocabulary that would be useful when seeing a doctor.|
|Prepare a list of specialists’ titles and ask the participants to guess at what they do. Discuss the answers. (A list of common specialists may include chiropodist, paediatrician, gynaecologist, obstetrician, neurologist, urologist, orthodontist, anaesthesiologist, internist, orthopaedist, plastic surgeon, etc.)|
Different telephone etiquettes
How to leave voice messages on the telephone
Using the phone book
|Simulate situations in which a participant has dialed the wrong phone number (you are the person who answered the phone call). Discuss how he or she might handle the situation and how the person who received the call (you) might react. Then simulate situations in which you are the caller.|
|Prepare scenarios in which the participants might have to leave you a message on the phone (she is ill and cannot meet). Rehearse what the message may sound like and the essential information they should leave.|
|Simulate a telephone conversation that may take place if someone is trying to order food over the telephone. You will be the one taking the order. You may want to distribute pamphlets of restaurants or pizza places, etc., before you begin. Ask the participants to decide on what they would order and don’t forget to ask them for all the necessary information such as address, phone number, details of order.|
Gaining Cross-Cultural Competency
Sharing Cultural Backgrounds, Beliefs and Preferences
looking at similarities/differences between home country and Canada
|What do the participants think is better or worse in Canada compared to their home countries (you might want to give some pointers such as weather, food, travel, education, etc.)|
|Consider the list of traits below. Ask the participants to consider the five most important when they are choosing (1) a friend, (2) a friend of the opposite sex, and (3) your future partner or husband/wife? Discuss the expectations and differences in opinions:|
|Ask the participants what kind of rights they have as citizens of their home countries. Is there a charter of rights and freedoms? What is the most important right that a citizen possesses?|
|Ask the participants to tell the class about the different fables/fairy tales they read in their childhood. There are many variations on the classic fairy tales (Snow White, Sleeping Beauty, Little Red Riding Hood, etc.) Talk about the differences and tell them about the versions popular in Canada.|
|Tell the participants about the different superstitions that Canadians typically believe in (i.e. broken mirror, throwing salt over your shoulder, the number 13, etc.) Discuss the superstitions that the participants believe in.|
What different holidays are celebrated in Canada?
How do people celebrate holidays in Canada?
What happens during certain holidays (i.e. what businesses/services are closed?)
|Give blank calendars to the participants and ask them to circle all the dates (in the year) where they would celebrate a holiday in one colour, have them circle all the Canadian holidays they know of in another colour; compare the holidays circled: how many dates are overlapped? What are the different celebrations that take place? What is the significance behind them?|
Write down, on slips of paper, the different ways people typically celebrate each holiday in Canada. Have the participants draw them out and match it to the holidays they observe. Here is a list of holidays:
The Dos and Don’ts of Conversation
Always keep broad goals in mind. It is easy for you or the participants to become preoccupied with smaller details of English and to lose sight of the main goals of the sessions. When you get sidetracked or when you lose your focus, think of the big picture.
- Use your imagination and experiment. There is no single curriculum that will suit all the participants. So you will have to learn through trial and error no matter how many books you consult.
- Provide suggestions and resources that will assist the participants to improve their English language skills.
- If concerned about shy or overpowering participants in a group, assign each participant certain key points to discuss. Alternatively, you could establish a turn taking system.
- Provide continual encouragement and constructive feedback that will encourage the participants to use English in everyday life.
- Include participants as much as possible when planning future conversation activities.
- Be patient with yourself and the participants.
- Trust yourself and your common sense.
- Be positive, attentive and easy going.
- Do not introduce a conversation activity that requires a higher level of vocabulary that most of the participants are not comfortable with.
- Do not interrupt participants mid-conversation. Even though you may hear mistakes, let them speak freely. Just make note of mistakes to discuss later. You could alter the errors in such a way that do not identify particular participants.
- Do not assume that you have to be a grammarian or linguist.
- Avoid sensitive subjects about participants’ culture, religion, race and political views. Although some of the participants may seem open, you cannot guarantee that you won’t possibly offend other participants or make them feel uncomfortable..
Discussing Cultural Diversity
Cultural difference is an extremely complex and sometimes highly personal and emotive subject. When facilitators bring this issue into their sessions, they can easily create as many problems as they solve. You may find the following "core values" and "guidelines" sections useful when dealing with cultural diversity.
- A positive, constructive and optimistic approach to differences.
- Commitment to relationship, mutual respect and integrity.
- Tolerance, openness and flexibility.
- Belief in the uniqueness of individuals, their strengths and capability to achieve their goals.
- Attention to principles of cross-cultural communication.
- Link the question of cultural differences to the main themes of your sessions: small talk, presentations, vocabulary building, life skills, etc.
- Emphasize how differences can complement and benefit each other and don’t single out particular groups.
- Focus on positives, such as the benefits of cultural differences rather than negatives such as racism and prejudice.
- Accommodate points of view of others and explain your own in an appropriate manner.
- Beware of your body language and non-verbal cues.
- Given the informal nature of ECCs, expect the participants to ask you questions about Canada. Try to answer all questions the best you can.
- Set personal boundaries with the participants and respect those boundaries.
Potential Conversation Topics
- Canadian culture/climate/landmarks/traditions/heritage
- Career choices/job searching/employment
- Childhood memories/experiences/education
- Cultural norms/social conventions
- Current events/news
- Daily problems
- Have you ever…..?
- If you were……
- Local history/attractions
- Movies/music/TV shows/pop culture
- Natural disasters
- Seasonal topics/activities associated with different times in the year
- Superstitions/home remedies
- The arts (paintings, sculptures, museums, galleries etc.)
- Who is the greatest….?
- Would you ever……?
Sample Session Plan and Useful On-line Resources for ESL Conversation Learners and Facilitators
Small Talk- Session Plan<ref>By Kenneth Beare, About. Com Guide</ref>
Aim: Improving 'small talk' skills
Activity: Discussion of appropriate small talk subjects followed by a game to be played in small groups>Level: Intermediate to Advanced
- Write "Small Talk" on the board (if there is one). Ask the participants to brainstorm as a class to define small talk.
- Discuss the importance of small talk skills with the participants.
- Divide participants into groups of 3-5.
- Give participants the small talk work sheet. Ask them to complete the first section:Small Talk- Appropriate?
- Once participants have discussed the various situations, solicit responses on the various subjects from the group as a whole. Feel free to let participants debate the issue.
- Have participants get back into their groups and play the small talk game. Circulate around the room helping the participants when they run into difficulties.
- Take notes on subjects that participants find difficult and brainstorm on appropriate comments for those subjects after the game has finished.
Small Talk- Appropriate?
Which topics are appropriate for small talk discussions? For those topics which are appropriate, think of one interesting comment to make when the teacher calls on you. For those topics which are not appropriate, be able to explain why they are not appropriate for small talk.
- The latest films
- The One True Path to Eternal Life
- The local basketball team
- A product you would like sell to everyone
- The Death Penalty
- Your home town
- How much you make
- Your last holiday
- Your favorite movie-star
- The correct political party
- The weather
- Your health problems
- Your family
|Name/URL Address||Useful Activities|
|English Daily||common mistakes in English, conversation, idioms, proverbs, English Comprehension, exercises, etc.|
|English Learning Fun||visit guest section|
"humour me"- English jokes
"mouth manglers"- tongue twisters with similar consonant sounds
"say what"- listening activities
"movie talk"- many interactive activities involving movie stars
|English-Zone.Com||links to various categories|
"conversation &pronunciation"-different activities "idioms"- quizzes "dictionaries"- different types of words/phrases arranged in alphabetical order
|1-language.com||many ideas on group activities|
most activities suitable for large classes but may be adapted for smaller groups and pairs
|Tefl.net ESL Lesson Plans||activities for all ESL levels and for different skills|
ESL games and classroom activities
|Dave’s ESL Café||"hint of the day"- very useful information|
comprehensive list of phrasal verbs, their usages and definitions "idea cookbook"- great resource for teachers extensive list of idioms "quotes"- always fun & something to talk about- good for discussion and conversation
|ESL Party Land||sample lesson plans|
conversation questions quizzes and games
|ESL Games, Quizzes and Activities||different games quizzes for different topics|
|The Internet TESL Journal||conversation topics, questions and lesson plans|
games and activities tips for teachers
|ESL about.com||conversation topics, questions and lesson plans|
Provide continual encouragement and constructive feedback that will encourage the participants to use English in everyday life. Include participants as much as possible when planning future conversation activities. Be patient with yourself and the participants. Trust yourself and your common sense.How do you practice conversation in ESL? ›
- Short Talks. Create a stack of topic cards for your students, so that each student will have their own card. ...
- Show and Tell. ...
- Video Dictionary. ...
- PechaKucha. ...
- Bingo. ...
- Two Texts. ...
- Running Dictation. ...
- Surveys and Interviews.
- If you could be another person for one day, who would you choose to be? - If you could be invisible for one day, what would like to do? - If you could live without sleeping, how would you spend your nights? - If you could change ONE thing in the world, what would it be?How do you teach ESL conversations to adults? ›
- Prepare lists of questions. ...
- Answer your own questions. ...
- Talk slowly, but don't treat them like they're a kid. ...
- Have topics that are common, but ask for the student's opinion. ...
- Let silence hang, but know when to prompt. ...
- Use the chat box or a white board to spell things out. ...
- Take notes.
- Prepare questions. ...
- Set expectations for your discussion. ...
- Talk naturally. ...
- Let students guide your topics. ...
- Write out words when necessary.
The Talking Circle Process
Begin by gathering in a circle and creating norms that will help build trust in the space. In my class, we write our norms on a poster board placed in the center of our Circle. A talking piece, an object of significance chosen by Circle members, is passed around inviting equal participation.
- Use Real Life Stories For ESL. ...
- What Happens Next? ...
- ESL Grammar Auctions. ...
- ESL Online Games. ...
- Teach English/ESL With Songs. ...
- Throw The Seating Plan Out The Window! ...
- ESL Movie Review Challenge. ...
- ESL Realia Teaching Strategies.
- Practicing active listening. ...
- Being mindful of nonverbal cues. ...
- Being inclusive. ...
- Choosing the right words. ...
- Being open-minded. : Being a great conversationalist requires a lot of practice, and we'll no doubt encounter people we may disagree with. ...
- Being approachable.
In class, keep your talk time down and aim to have the student(s) do 70% of the speaking. Ask open-ended questions instead of Yes/No questions. Use a "Tell me more" approach. In group settings, have students talk together, while you play the role of a moderator.How do you play 20 questions on ESL? ›
The students have to guess of what thing the person who is it is thinking by asking him or her at most 20 yes/no type questions. If no one guesses the answer after 20 tries, the answer is revealed. A "yes" answer earns the questioner another chance to ask, a "no" passes the asking on to the next player.
- Focus on communication and fluency, not correctness. ...
- Lay the groundwork. ...
- Student directed: student choice of topics. ...
- Small group/pair work. ...
- Encourage students to rotate partners. ...
- Teach students strategies. ...
- Teach vocabulary. ...
- Teach both formal and informal conversation skills.
|(1)||What is your biggest success in life?|
|(2)||What small successes do you have every day?|
|(3)||How would you define success?|
|(4)||Is success a journey or a destination?|
|(5)||What is your formula or recipe for success?|
The GREATEST ESL teachers understand are able to put themselves in their students' shoes. They believe in their students and the students know it. They model a growth mindset so students understand that learning takes time and patience. These teachers love their students.How do you teach small talk to ESL students? ›
- Acquiring fixed expressions and routines used in small talk.
- Using formal or casual speech depending on the situation.
- Developing fluency is making small talk around predictable topics.
- Using opening and closing strategies.
- Using back-channeling.
Focus on easy lessons, like pronunciation and phonics skills, basic vocabulary, simple verb tenses (past/present/future), and easy sentence structure (simple and compound sentences).What do you talk about in an English conversation class? ›
- What makes you feel the happiest?
- How would your friends and family describe you? ...
- What is the best advice you have ever received?
- What is an unusual habit that you have or an unusual thing that you own?
- How have your goals changed as you've gotten older?
Word Stress Patterns - Help students improve their pronunciation by focusing on short sentences using standard word stress patterns. Introduce Stress and Intonation - One of the best ways to help students is to focus their attention on the music of English through the use of stress and intonation.What is the protocol for talking circles? ›
The talking piece is passed clockwise around the circle with each participant having a turn to share their authentic personal stories and have them respectfully heard and acknowledged without judgment, condemnation, nor advice (unless advice is solicited).What is the talking circle strategy? ›
Talking Circle is a conflict resolution strategy in which a teacher facilitates a private discussion in order to coach students through a problem-solving conversation with a classmate. When a conflict arises, the teacher invites the students involved to a private area of the classroom to join the Talking Circle.How do you organize a talking circle? ›
- Everyone's contribution is equally important.
- State what you feel or believe starting with 'I-statements,' e.g., 'I feel …'
- All comments are addressed directly to the question or the issue, not to comments another person has made.
- Having No Objective When Learning a Language. The biggest challenge lies here. ...
- Having Unfit Teachers. ...
- Not Having Enough Confidence. ...
- Time Limitations. ...
- Not Having the Opportunity to Practice With Natives.
A good ESL teacher should be able to relate freely with the students, should be lively, active, positive and have a welcoming attitude towards the students. This will foster a good learning atmosphere in the classroom. A good ESL teacher must also be good at expressing ideas, values and beliefs about teaching.What makes a successful ESL lesson? ›
Having a clear objective is the most important element to consider when developing an ESL lesson plan. Having a clear objective is the first building block for the planning and development process. It's the thing (or things) that you want your students to learn and take-away from the lesson.What are the 4 core conversational skills? ›
When we say that someone 'speaks' a language fluently, we usually mean that they have a high level in all four skills – listening, speaking, reading and writing.What is the first thing to teach ESL students? ›
Start by teaching your students the fundamentals, like numbers and the alphabet. Build on those skills with phonics, parts of speech, and basic grammatical skills. Create a productive learning environment by speaking to your students in simple language, like “Repeat after me” or “Finish this sentence.”What is a good ESL teacher introduction? ›
Your basic information. Your full name, nationality, educational background, and TEFL certifications are some of the most important details you should mention in your introduction video. You can also add something interesting about yourself, like your hobbies or interests.How to use L1 in ESL classroom? ›
In this technique, the teacher speaks in English, but when they come to an item that will be problematic for the students, they say it first in English, then say the equivalent in the L1, and finally repeat it in English.How can I be a fun ESL teacher? ›
- Don't Be a Dictator When Teaching ESL.
- Maximize Your Students' Talk Time.
- Be a Coach and Provide Feedback.
- Use Humor in the Classroom.
- Be a Creative ESL Teacher and Make Lessons Fun.
- Keep Students Busy.
- Try Out New Things.
- Reflect and Seek Out Feedback.
The best way to answer this question is to highlight skills, experiences, and interests that are relevant to teaching English online. You can mention your previous teaching background, goals as a teacher, or love of kids. Make sure to frame your answer in a way that shows you are qualified for the position.What are the aging questions in ESL? ›
|(1)||Do people respect the aged in your country?|
|(2)||How have you aged in the past ten years?|
|(3)||Do you mind being asked your age?|
|(4)||What do you think your old age will be like (or what is it like)?|
|(5)||Do you agree that you can never be too old to start something new?|
The seven rules are: studying phrases nor single words, do not study grammar rules, study grammar from speeches unconsciously, learn from the real English, study through listening rather than reading, repeat more to gain deep understanding, and learn from question-answer stories.How to communicate clearly in English using 4 simple tips? ›
- Keep talking. ...
- Find a good speaking rhythm. ...
- Make sure you're understood. ...
- Repeat what you're told. ...
- Ask clarifying questions. ...
- Watch your body language. ...
- Use appropriate language. ...
- Practice empathy.
- Does something need to be said?
- Does something need to be said now?
- Does something need to be said by me?
- Are there any parts of the city where you live which you are afraid to visit after dark? ...
- Are there certain weather conditions that scare people? ...
- Are you afraid of flying?
- Are you afraid of ghosts?
- Are you afraid of giving a speech in public?
- Are you afraid of going to the dentist?
|School type and main teaching assignment||Average age of teachers||30-49 years|
|ESL or bilingual education||43.9||55.1|
The main purpose of an ESL teacher is to help provide non-native English speakers the opportunity to acquire fluency in the English language, both in the written and spoken word.Is it hard to be an ESL teacher? ›
Working as an ESL teacher in an international school can be challenging, but also extremely rewarding. Your students will come from a wide range of cultural backgrounds, and while they may all be learning English, they may take different paths depending on what languages they already speak.What is the 1 1 teaching method? ›
What is One-to-One Teaching? One-on-one teaching takes place directly between a single student and one teacher. Rather than being in a group setting with other students around, one-on-one instruction provides a setting for more interaction with less distractions.How do I have better English conversational skills? ›
- Listen. The first step in improving your speaking skills is actually working on your listening. ...
- Imitate. Now that you have listened to lots of English conversations, it's time for some imitation. ...
- Read. Reading is yet another important skill to have when learning a language. ...
- Reflect. ...
- Prepare. ...
- Speak. ...
- Change your smart speaker settings. Do you have one or more smart speakers at home? ...
- Talk to yourself! ...
- Narrate your everyday life. ...
- Try shadowing. ...
- Read aloud. ...
- Practise speaking with friends. ...
- Play online games. ...
- Take online classes led by an expert English speaker.
- Prepare lists of questions. ...
- Answer your own questions. ...
- Talk slowly, but don't treat them like they're a kid. ...
- Have topics that are common, but ask for the student's opinion. ...
- Let silence hang, but know when to prompt. ...
- Use the chat box or a white board to spell things out. ...
- Take notes.
- Teach strategies that the students can use in every class. ...
- Encourage your students every step of the way. ...
- Increase your student's motivation by helping them set goals and discover reasons for learning. ...
- Encourage your students to take control of their own learning.
- Reduce teacher talking time. Teachers are a talkative bunch, we get it. ...
- Create a safe environment. Expressing yourself in a new language can be scary! ...
- Make it fun! ...
- Focus on their interests. ...
- Ask questions. ...
- Don't put them on the spot. ...
- Let them correct you. ...
- Always be speaking!
Conversation Circles are informal gatherings where people come together to practice speaking English. They are an excellent way to practice your English in a variety of situations while networking in the community.What is the circle method of facilitation? ›
The Circle Way gathers people into a circular shape with participants at the rim and the purpose in the centre. Each person has a voice and everyone can see and hear one another. Social agreements and practices help facilitate respectful conversation. Circle supports a leader in every chair.What are the principles of talking circle? ›
Talking circles, also called “peacemaking circles,” come from the traditions of indigenous people of North America, particularly tribes in the Midwest. Circle processes are based upon equality between participants and the principle of sharing power with each other instead of having power over one another.What is the purpose of English Conversation Club? ›
What is a Conversation Club? A Conversation Club is one of the best ways to improve spoken English. English clubs allow English language learners to practice speaking in an informal, relaxed environment. English speaking clubs primarily help participants improve 2 skills – speaking and listening.What are the benefits of conversation circles? ›
The talking circle prevents reactive communication and directly responsive communication, and it fosters deeper listening and reflection in conversation.What are the types of English conversation? ›
The Four Types of Conversations: Debate, Dialogue, Discourse, and Diatribe.What are the 4 C's of facilitation? ›
The 4C framework (Collect, Choose, Create, Commit)
They make sure they understand the 5 Ps of preparation: purpose, product, participants, probable issues and process.What are the 6 P's of facilitation? ›
In fact, it is important to decide the six Ps in order: purpose, product, participants, probable issues, process, and place. PURPOSE ALWAYS PRECEDES PROCESS.How to teach English to ESL beginners? ›
- Keep it simple, stupid. This is the one of the most important steps to teach English to beginners. ...
- Always check for understanding. ...
- Give them lots of time to practice. ...
- Show, don't tell. ...
- Always use positive reinforcement. ...
- Don't be boring.
What is One-to-One Teaching? One-on-one teaching takes place directly between a single student and one teacher. Rather than being in a group setting with other students around, one-on-one instruction provides a setting for more interaction with less distractions.What are the 5 principles of conversation? ›
The five-stage model of conversation says that there are five steps in every conversation: opening, feedforward, business, feedback, and closing.What are the different types of talking circles? ›
Talking Circles Explanation
There are different types of discussion circles, such as Talking Circle, Sharing Circles, or Healing Circles, and the protocols for usage depend on the purpose. The term Talking Circle is sometimes used interchangeably with Sharing Circle.
First Circle: The person's life-long communication partners; Second Circle: Close friends/relatives; Third Circle: Acquaintances; Fourth Circle: Paid workers; Fifth Circle: Unfamiliar partners.