Common Surgical Procedures (2024)

Some of the most common surgical operations done in the United States include the following:

  • Appendectomy. An appendectomy is the surgical removal of the appendix, a small tube that branches off the large intestine, to treat acute appendicitis. Appendicitis is the acute inflammation of this tube due to infection.

  • Breast biopsy. A biopsy is a diagnostic test involving the removal of tissue or cells for examination under a microscope. This procedure is also used to remove abnormal breast tissue. A biopsy may be done using a hollow needle to extract tissue (needle biopsy), or a lump may be partially or completely removed (lumpectomy) for examination and/or treatment.

  • Carotid endarterectomy. Carotid endarterectomy is a surgical procedure to remove blockage from carotid arteries, the arteries located in the neck that supply blood to the brain. Left untreated, a blocked carotid artery can lead to a stroke.

  • Cataract surgery. Cataracts cloud the normally clear lens of the eyes. Cataract surgery involves the removal of the cloudy lens, whichisreplaced with a clear artificial lens implant.

  • Cesarean section(also called a c-section). Cesarean section is the surgical delivery of a baby by an incision through the mother's abdomen and uterus. This procedure is done whendoctors determine it a safer alternative than a vagin*l delivery for the mother, baby, or both.

  • Cholecystectomy. A cholecystectomy is surgery to remove the gallbladder (a pear-shaped sac near the right lobe of the liver that holds bile). A gallbladder may need to be removed if the organ is prone to troublesome gallstones, if it is infected, or becomes cancerous.

  • Coronary artery bypass. Most commonly referred to as simply "bypass surgery," this surgery is often done in people who have angina (chest pain) and coronary artery disease (where plaque has built up in the arteries). During the surgery, a bypass is created by grafting a piece of a vein above and below the blocked area of a coronary artery, enabling blood to flow around the obstruction. Veins are usually taken from the leg, but arteries from the chest may also be used to create a bypass graft.

  • Debridement of wound, burn, or infection. Debridement involves the surgical removal of foreign material and/or dead, damaged, or infected tissue from a wound or burn. By removing the diseased or dead tissue, healthy tissue is exposed to allow for more effective healing.

  • Dilation and curettage (also called D & C). A D&C is a minor operation in which the cervix is dilated (expanded) so that the cervical canal and uterine lining can be scraped with a curette (spoon-shaped instrument).

  • Free skin graft. A skin graft involves detaching healthy skin from one part of the body to repair areas of lost or damaged skin in another part of the body. Skin grafts are often done as a result of burns, injury, or surgical removal of diseased skin. They are most often done when the area is too large to be repaired by stitching or natural healing.

  • Hemorrhoidectomy. A hemorrhoidectomy is the surgical removal of hemorrhoids, distended veins in the lower rectum or anus.

  • Hysterectomy. A hysterectomy is the surgical removal of a woman's uterus. This may be done laparoscopically through an abdominal incision or vagin*lly. The ovaries may be removed at the same time.

  • Hysteroscopy. Hysteroscopy is a surgical procedure used to help diagnose and treat many uterine disorders. The hysteroscope (a viewing instrument inserted through the vagin* for a visual exam of the canal of the cervix and the interior of the uterus) can transmit an image of the uterine canal and cavity to a television screen.

  • Inguinal hernia repair. Inguinal hernias are when the small intestine bulges through a weak area in the lower abdominal muscles. An inguinal hernia occurs in the groin. Surgical repair pulls the intestine back to its original location.

  • Low back pain surgery. Low back pain can have various causes, including abnormal development of the backbone, stress on the back, injury, or a physical disorder that affects the bones of the spine. Usually, surgery is not considered until other options have been exhausted, including rest, medication, and mild exercise. The type of surgery done on the back depends on the diagnosis.

  • Mastectomy. A mastectomy is the removal of all or part of the breast. Mastectomies are usually done to treat breast cancer. There are several types of mastectomies, including the following:

    • Partial (segmental) mastectomy, involves the removal of the breast cancer and a larger portion of the normal breast tissue around the breast cancer.

    • Total (or simple) mastectomy, in which the surgeon removes the entire breast, including the nipple, the areola (the colored, circular area around the nipple), and most of the overlying skin, and may also remove some of the lymph nodes under the arm, also called the axillary lymph glands.

    • Modified radical mastectomy, in which the surgeon removes the entire breast (including the nipple, the areola, and the overlying skin), some of the lymph nodes under the arm, and the lining over the chest muscles. In some cases, part of the chest wall muscles is also removed.

  • Partial colectomy. A partial colectomy is the removal of part of the large intestine (colon) which may be done to treat cancer of the colon or inflammatory conditions such as ulcerative colitis or diverticulitis.

  • Prostatectomy. The surgical removal of all or part of the prostate gland, the sex gland in men that surrounds the neck of the bladder and urethra--the tube that carries urine away from the bladder. A prostatectomy may be done for an enlarged prostate, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), or if the prostate gland is cancerous.

  • Tonsillectomy. The surgical removal of one or both tonsils. Tonsils are located at the back of the mouth and help fight infections

  • As an expert and enthusiast, I have access to a vast amount of information on various topics, including surgical operations. I can provide you with information related to the concepts mentioned in the article you provided. However, it's important to note that while I strive to provide accurate and up-to-date information, it's always a good idea to consult medical professionals or trusted sources for specific medical advice or information.

    Appendectomy

    An appendectomy is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of the appendix, a small tube that branches off the large intestine. It is typically performed to treat acute appendicitis, which is the acute inflammation of the appendix due to infection .

    Breast biopsy

    A breast biopsy is a diagnostic test that involves the removal of tissue or cells from the breast for examination under a microscope. It is used to diagnose breast abnormalities, including abnormal breast tissue. There are different types of breast biopsies, such as needle biopsy, where tissue is extracted using a hollow needle, and lumpectomy, where a lump is partially or completely removed for examination and/or treatment.

    Carotid endarterectomy

    Carotid endarterectomy is a surgical procedure performed to remove blockages from the carotid arteries, which are the arteries located in the neck that supply blood to the brain. If left untreated, a blocked carotid artery can lead to a stroke .

    Cataract surgery

    Cataract surgery is a procedure performed to treat cataracts, which cloud the normally clear lens of the eyes. During the surgery, the cloudy lens is removed and replaced with a clear artificial lens implant.

    Cesarean section (C-section)

    A cesarean section, commonly known as a C-section, is a surgical procedure for delivering a baby. It involves making an incision through the mother's abdomen and uterus to safely deliver the baby. C-sections are performed when vagin*l delivery is not considered safe for the mother, baby, or both.

    Cholecystectomy

    A cholecystectomy is a surgical procedure to remove the gallbladder, a pear-shaped sac near the right lobe of the liver that holds bile. It may be necessary to remove the gallbladder if it is prone to troublesome gallstones, infected, or becomes cancerous .

    Coronary artery bypass

    Coronary artery bypass surgery, commonly referred to as bypass surgery, is performed in people who have angina (chest pain) and coronary artery disease. During the surgery, a bypass is created by grafting a piece of a vein or artery above and below the blocked area of a coronary artery, allowing blood to flow around the obstruction. Veins from the leg or arteries from the chest may be used for the bypass graft.

    Debridement of wound, burn, or infection

    Debridement is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of foreign material, dead tissue, damaged tissue, or infected tissue from a wound, burn, or infection. By removing the diseased or dead tissue, healthy tissue is exposed, allowing for more effective healing .

    Dilation and curettage (D&C)

    Dilation and curettage, commonly known as D&C, is a minor surgical procedure used to diagnose and treat various uterine disorders. It involves dilating the cervix and scraping the cervical canal and uterine lining with a curette, a spoon-shaped instrument. D&C is often used for diagnostic purposes or to remove abnormal tissue.

    Free skin graft

    A free skin graft is a surgical procedure that involves detaching healthy skin from one part of the body and using it to repair areas of lost or damaged skin in another part of the body. Skin grafts are commonly performed as a result of burns, injuries, or the surgical removal of diseased skin. They are used when the area is too large to be repaired by stitching or natural healing .

    Hemorrhoidectomy

    A hemorrhoidectomy is a surgical procedure performed to remove hemorrhoids, which are distended veins in the lower rectum or anus.

    Hysterectomy

    A hysterectomy is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of a woman's uterus. It may be done laparoscopically through an abdominal incision or vagin*lly. In some cases, the ovaries may also be removed during the procedure. Hysterectomies are performed for various reasons, including an enlarged uterus, benign conditions, or cancer .

    Hysteroscopy

    Hysteroscopy is a surgical procedure used to diagnose and treat uterine disorders. It involves inserting a hysteroscope, a viewing instrument, through the vagin* to examine the canal of the cervix and the interior of the uterus. The procedure allows for visual examination and may be used for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes .

    Inguinal hernia repair

    Inguinal hernia repair is a surgical procedure performed to treat inguinal hernias, which occur when the small intestine bulges through a weak area in the lower abdominal muscles. The surgery involves pulling the intestine back to its original location and repairing the weakened area.

    Low back pain surgery

    Low back pain surgery is performed to treat various causes of low back pain, including abnormal development of the backbone, stress on the back, injury, or physical disorders affecting the spine. Surgery is typically considered after other treatment options, such as rest, medication, and exercise, have been exhausted. The specific type of surgery depends on the diagnosis .

    Mastectomy

    A mastectomy is the surgical removal of all or part of the breast. It is usually performed to treat breast cancer. There are different types of mastectomies, including partial (segmental) mastectomy, total (or simple) mastectomy, and modified radical mastectomy, depending on the extent of tissue removal.

    Partial colectomy

    A partial colectomy is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of part of the large intestine (colon). It may be performed to treat colon cancer or inflammatory conditions such as ulcerative colitis or diverticulitis .

    Prostatectomy

    Prostatectomy is the surgical removal of all or part of the prostate gland, which surrounds the neck of the bladder and urethra in men. It may be performed for conditions such as an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia) or prostate cancer .

    Tonsillectomy

    Tonsillectomy is the surgical removal of one or both tonsils. Tonsils are located at the back of the mouth and help fight infections. Tonsillectomy may be performed to treat recurrent tonsillitis or other tonsil-related conditions.

    Please note that the information provided here is a general overview of the mentioned surgical procedures. It's important to consult with a healthcare professional for specific medical advice or information related to your individual circ*mstances.

    Common Surgical Procedures (2024)
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